Tagged: “dog”

Kennel Cough

What is kennel cough:

Kennel Cough is a highly contagious respiratory disease. Dogs commonly contract kennel cough in places where large amounts of dogs socialise, such as boarding and daycare facilities and activity areas like walking tracks, the beach etc. Dogs can spread it to one another through the air (like a human cough), direct contact (e.g., touching noses), or contaminated surfaces (including water/food bowls). It is treatable in most dogs but can be more severe in puppies younger than six months of age and compromised dogs (eg sick or old).

Symptoms:

If your dog is affected with kennel cough, you may notice one or more of the following symptoms:

  • a strong cough, often with a “honking” sound – this is the most obvious symptom
  • runny nose
  • sneezing
  • lethargy
  • loss of appetite

Treatment:

A veterinarian may prescribe antibiotics to prevent a secondary infection to ease the symptoms and your pet will need to be well rested as well as quarantined from other dogs to prevent spread. If you notice your pet coughing or you want to try and avoid kennel cough all together speak with your veterinarian today as early treatment  (if required) will help keep your pets safe and healthy .

Prevention:

Vaccinate to prevent contracting this disease today! When vaccinated your dog may still contract a form of the disease but the symptoms are far more manageable and your dog will recover far sooner.

Vaccinating your Dog

Vaccinating your Dog

Vaccinating your Dog

Your dog should have received its first vaccination together with a physical check up as a puppy (usually around 6-8 weeks of age).   This has often had this done prior to the dog being re-homed; you should have received a vaccination certificate as proof of this.

 

A booster is required 3-4 weeks later at 10-12 weeks and a final vaccination between 14- 16 weeks.   Full immune protection cannot be relied upon until after the final booster. The vaccination then needs to be boostered between 6-9 months of age then 3 yearly throughout life.

 

The diseases we routinely vaccinate against (core vaccination) include Canine Parvovirus, Canine Distemper, Infectious Canine Hepatitis.  

 

A further vaccination against Leptospirosis is an optional addition.   Leptospirosis is a disease caught from rats urine, so is particularly important in rural dogs and any dogs likely to swim in rivers.   We strongly recommend all puppies be covered against this fatal disease.

Puppies that may have to go into a boarding kennel are required to have a vaccine against Kennel Cough.   This is an upper respiratory tract disease usually occurring where dogs are in close contact – boarding kennels, shows, etc.  It is an annual vaccine, given nasally.   It can be given at the same time as any of the other vaccinations your dog may be having.

 

Boosters are essential to maintain your dog’s immunity to these serious and often fatal diseases.  These are required annually for Leptospirosis and Kennel Cough; and biannually for Parvovirus, distemper and Hepatits

Microchipping Your Pet

Microchipping Your Dog, Cat, Horse…..even your Bird!

 

We all hope our own pets will never stray from home and get lost, or even worse be involved in a road accident. We should never assume this won’t happen to our own pets. Many stray pets never see their owners again and the uncertainty of knowing whether a lost pet is still alive can be difficult to cope with.

Technology in the form of a microchip implant now provides a quick and easy method of identifying your pet. The microchip contains electronic information allowing pet and owner to be quickly reunited in the event of straying.

Any pet animal can be fitted with a chip. The law now requires that puppies first registered after 1st July 2006 must be microchipped with the exception of working dogs.

The chip is smaller than a grain of rice and is easily inserted under your pets skin by an injection. The chip remains in place for life and the pet remains unaware of its presence.

A microchip can be implanted at any time, and we can combine this with their vaccinations. However, we recommend the most convenient time is when the dog is anaesthetised for desexing. While the law states that a microchip must be implanted within two months of registration, your local council may give a time extension to allow the microchipping to take place at the time of desexing, which is often done at 5 – 6 months of age. If you are going to take your puppy out and about and feel your recall is not quite polished enough, do not hesitate to microchip during the last puppy vax!

Once microchipped your pets unique identification number becomes registered on a national database. There are two national databases in operation. One is the National Dog Database, which all microchipped dogs must be registered with. This is the government run database that Tasman District Dog Control Officers have access to. However, vets and the SPCA do not have direct access to this database and in the event of a lost dog being taken to a vet or the SPCA there may be a slight delay in reuniting the pet and owners until Dog Control releases the details. To overcome this delay an optional database run by the New Zealand Companion Animal Society is in operation. This database is for ALL animals, not just dogs. The advantage of this database is that vets and the SPCA have direct access to owner’s details ensuring there is no delay. For your dog or other pet to be registered on this database, there is a small one off fee.

For more information or to book an appointment, please contact us

Worming Your Cat and Dog

Worming Your Cat and Dog

Worming Your Cat and Dog

Worms are a common cause of ill health in dogs and cats and can cause symptoms ranging from poor condition, loss of appetite, pot belly, vomiting and diarrhoea, coughing, anaemia and even death. Young animals and those who scavenge or hunt are most at risk of worms and treatment for worms is especially important in these animals.

There are four worm types in New Zealand – round worms, hookworms, whipworms and tapeworms.

Roundworms are white, and round bodied. They may be vomited up or passed out in the stool. If present in large numbers they can cause ill heath or stunting of growth.  Young animals can be infected through their mother’s milk and pregnancy and high burdens can occur in puppies and kittens of mothers who have not been regularly treated.

Tapeworms are long, flattened segmented worms that live in the intestine.  Eggs develop in the segment, which then breaks off the worm, looking like grains of rice in the stool. Animals can be infected from birds, mice and rats; but also from infected fleas, therefore good flea control helps reduce infection. Fortunately, the Hydatid tapeworm is no longer common in dogs and can occur only when dogs are fed infected, uncooked sheep or goat offal containing cysts.

Hookworms can cause very severe signs including blood loss and weakness, and severe infestations can be fatal.

Whipworms resemble a stock whip and cause weight loss or diarrhoea in dogs.

Roundworms, tapeworms and hookworms can occasionally be a health hazard for people.   Infection occurs simply by swallowing the eggs or larvae and this is most likely with young children who are playing with puppies, or who are in a soiled environment.   Regular worm treatment combined with simple hygienic measures such as ensuring young children wash their hands after contact with pets and particularly before eating, will minimise the risk of infection.

Worming Schedule for dogs and cats:

Puppies and kittens should be treated with an all-wormer Fortnightly from 4 weeks of age until 12 weeks, monthly until 6 months and then every 3 months for the rest of its life

If your dog lives or regularly visits a sheep farm, they may need to be wormed more frequently.  Please contact contact us for further advice.

Dog Castration

Dog Castration

The Surgery

Castration involves the removal of both testicles through an incision in front of the scrotum. This prevents him from siring any unwanted puppies and can help curb undesirable behaviour such as mounting, aggression towards other dogs, and roaming. It also has some health benefits, as it prevents testicular cancer, and greatly reduces the chance of prostate cancer and enlargement.

This is a routine surgery, taking on approximately 15 minutes to complete

Pre-surgery

No food should be given after 6pm the previous night and the water taken away first thing in the morning.  This is to make sure his stomach is empty prior to the anaesthetic therefore removing the risk of vomiting during recovery.

He will need to be brought into the clinic between 8am and 8.30am the morning of his operation, but let him toilet before coming in.  Please make sure he is clean.

 

On arrival at the clinic

One of our staff will take your details and answer any questions you might have.  Your dog will be weighed, and put in our hospital where he will have a full physical exam before surgery.

The initial anaesthetic is given into a vein in the leg, a tube was then placed in the windpipe for your animal breathe the anaesthetic gas.  A nurse monitors your dog through the surgery and recovery.

After surgery

Your dog will be ready to go home that afternoon. Recovery times from anaesthesia can vary.  He will need to be kept in a warm, quiet place to ‘sleep off’ the anaesthetic effects.

Wound management

Please check the wound daily, and contact us if you notice any swelling, discharge from the wound, or if she is constantly licking at her stitches. The stitches will need to be removed after 10 days.

Exercise

Although routine, castration is a surgery and recovery times vary.  Until the stitches are removed we advise no swimming or bathing, and to keep your dog quiet (no running or jumping).  He can have short walks on the lead only in this time.  Once the stitches have been removed he can return to normal.

Feeding 

Having your dog castrated will not cause him to gain weight, however your dogs requirements for food and exercise may change after castration. It is important to monitor his weight, and if needed, increase his exercise or change his diet.

If you have any further queries or would like to make an appointment to have your dog castrated, please contact us